Sunday, March 1, 2020
Terms You Might Not Know Are Considered Racist
Terms You Might Not Know Are Considered Racist Some racist terms have been included in the American vocabulary for so long that many who use them are often clueless about their origins. Boy In most situations, the word boy is not a problem. Used to describe an African American man, however, the word is troublesome. Thats because historically whites routinely described black men as boys to suggest African Americans werent on equal footing with them. Both during and after slavery, African Americans werent viewed as full-fledged people but as mentally, physically, and spiritually inferior beings to whites. Calling black men boys was one way to express the racist ideologies of yesteryear. Despite its widespread use as a racial putdown, in Ash v. Tyson Foods, the U.S. Court of AppealsÃ decided that boy cannot be considered a racial slur unless its prefaced with a racial marker such as black. This decision has sparked controversy, considering that whites typically didnt call African American black boys during Jim Crow, but simply boys. The good news, according to Prerna Lal of Change.org, is that the U.S. Supreme Court reversed the holding, ruling that the use of the word boy on its own is not enough evidence of racial animus, but that the word is also not benign. That means the court is willing to consider the context in which boy is used to determine if its being uttered as a racial epithet. Gypped GyppedÃ is arguably the most commonly usedÃ racist termÃ in existence today. If someone buys a used car that turns out to be lemon, for instance, he may complain, Ã¢â¬Å"I got gypped.Ã¢â¬ So, why is the term offensive? Because it equates the Gypsy, or Roma peoples, with being thieves, cheats and con artists. When someone says that they Ã¢â¬Å"got gypped,Ã¢â¬ they are essentially saying that they were conned. Explained Jake Bowers, editor of the Gypsy, Roma and Traveller ezineÃ Travellers Times, to the British newspaper theÃ Telegraph: Ã¢â¬Å"Gypped is an offensive word, it is derived from Gypsy and itÃ¢â¬â¢s being used in the same context as a person might once have said they Ã¢â¬ËjewedÃ¢â¬â¢ somebody if they did an underhand business transaction.Ã¢â¬ But donÃ¢â¬â¢t take BowersÃ¢â¬â¢ word for it. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re still debating whether or not to use the verb Ã¢â¬Å"gypped,Ã¢â¬ consider that Philip Durkin, the principal etymologist at theÃ Oxford English DictionaryÃ told theÃ TelegraphÃ that there is a Ã¢â¬Å"scholarly consensusÃ¢â¬ that the word originated as a Ã¢â¬Å"racial slur.Ã¢â¬ No Can Do and Long Time No See These two phrases have probably rolled off the tongues of most Americans at some point in time. However, the sayings are only mocking the attempts of Chinese immigrants and Native Americans, for whom English was a second language. Uppity Most people have no idea that the term uppity has racist connotations when applied to black people in particular. Southerners used the term for black people who didnt know their place and that term was usually followed by another racial slur. Despite its negative history, the word is regularly used by various races. Websters dictionary defines uppity as putting on or marked by airs of superiority and likens the word to arrogant and presumptuous. In 2011, the word got some national coverage when Rush Limbaugh said that Michelle Obama showed uppity-ism. Considering the Shyster Many people have come to believe that shyster is an anti-Semitic, but the origins of the word are linked to a Manhattan newspaper editor in 1843Ã¢â¬â1844. According to an article on Law.com, at the time, there was a crusade against legal and political corruption in the city, and the editor derived the term shyster from the German word scheisse, which means excrement. There are several reasons for the anti-Semitic confusion including the closeness to Shakespeares Shylock, and belief that the term came from the proper name of Scheuster, who some think was a corrupt lawyer. The etymology of the word indicates it was never intended as a racial slur, and that it was applied derogatorily to lawyers in general, and not to any one ethnic group.